- Sex (N): either of the two main categories (male and female) into which humans and many other living things are divided on the basis of their reproductive functions.
- Gender (N): the state of being male or female.
Now on the flip side of the conversation, gender is the state of feeling male or female. This is where a topic of trasngender individuals enters the stage. When a person is biologically female, for example, but in their mind and soul they believe they are truly male, this would be an instance of gender dysphoria. This term is used to generally describe when an individual believes that their biological sex and identified gender do not match. The mismatch between body and mind is what leads many individuals to choose to transition to the other sex, thus called a trasngender individual. The most accurate way to consider the differences between sex and gender is to place everything on a scale. By moving up or down the scale, an individual can find their true identity. Below is an example of this scale; these scales are commonly used in the academic world to understand the differences and similarities between all human individuals on this matter. The image that is below is a more detailed version of the discussion in this post, as it includes scales of expression and attraction.